This clause covers the wider monitoring, measurement, analysis and improvement of the quality management system. The organisation shall plan and implement the monitoring, measurement, analysis and improvement processes needed to demonstrate conformity of the product/service, to ensure conformity of the QMS and to continually improve the effectiveness of the QMS. This shall include determination of applicable methods, including statistical techniques, and the extent of their use.
The organisation shall apply suitable methods for monitoring and measuring the QMS processes. These methods shall demonstrate the ability of the processes to achieve planned results. When planned results are not achieved, corrective action shall be taken, as appropriate, to ensure conformity of the service.
There is considerable overlap between this clause and the previous one. In many cases the same monitoring or measurement procedures will be adequate for the purposes of monitoring or measuring both processes and products / services.